It was on 23rd of March 1931 that Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev were punished by the British for their apparent connection in the murder of John Saunders. This punishment was the capital punishment or the death punishment. This is the reason why we celebrate 23rd of March every year as Martyr’s day. These heroes of Indian freedom struggle laid down their lives for the independence of their motherland. Even today their actions and their enthusiasm provides an inspiration to many people across the country. These are not only the popular freedom fighters but also they made an impact on the minds of people which even Mahatma Gandhi and other leaders failed to make.
It all happened why Lala Lajpat Rai succumbed to the injuries caused during the remonstration against Simon Commission. Bhagat Singh was pretty close to him and he decided to avenge his death and carved out a plan to attack James Scott who actually ordered the Lathi Charge on Lala Lajpat Rai, Chandrashekhar Azad, Sukhdev and Rajguru. However, mistakenly instead of Scott, Saunders got shot. After that Bhagat Singh threw bombs in the central assembly and since then an enormous manhunt began. Eventually three of them were arrested and captured in the jail.
Though it was only Bhagat Singh involved directly in the bombing but eventually charged Rajguru and Sukhdev as well for the murder of Saunders and were given a death sentence. It was declared that they will be hanged on 24th March but they were hanged one day in advance so that they do not get a chance to flee away. On the banks of Sutlej River, their bodies were being cremated.
They were quite young when they were executed and probably this was one fact which shook the foundation of British Government in India. Bhagat Singh was hardly 23 years old when he got executed. Their supreme sacrifice and deeds are always remembered in every school. Teachers teach the students how difficult it is to achieve the freedom and how these three people laid down their lives to get us free India in which we are living today.
The last words of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru were “Kabhi woh din bhi ayega, Ke jab azad hum honge, Yeh apni hi zamin hogi, Yeh apna aasman hoga, Shahidon ki chitaon par, Lagenge har baras mele, Watan par marne walon ka, Yahi nam-o-nishan hoga.” This means someday that day will come when we are free/ this will be our land and our sky/ people will celebrate in the grounds where once/ martyrs’ pyres were lit/ A tribute to all those who/ Gave their lives for their motherland. They gave the slogan of Inquilab Zindabad which meant “Long live the revolution”.
It is because of these warriors that we are living in a free country. We should be thankful to them and also we must bring ourselves to a level where we do not tolerate any kind of wrongdoings. These people selflessly stood for others and India would never ever forget their sacrifice and courage.