Guru Nanak is known as the founder of the religion Sikhism and he was the first Guru of Sikhs. Guru Nanak Birthday is celebrated as Guru Nanak Gurpurab and it is celebrated every year in India. As per the information available, Guru Nanak Gurpurab is celebrated on the full moon day on the month Katak. This usually lies in October or November near the Hindu festival Deepawali. The festival is celebrated by all the Sikhs and the festival is known to have grand celebrations.
The Gurpurab is celebrated with prayers in Gurdwara and at home by Sikh and going by this history, it is known that Guru Nanak was born on 5 April 1469.he was born on Vaisakhi and his birthplace is known to be Rai Bhoi Di Talwandi. It is in present day’s Pakistan and it is famously known as Nankana Sahib Gurdwara. In addition to this, Gurpurab is a public holiday in India. However, as per Bhai Bala Janamsakhi, Guru Nanak’s birth date is not 5th April and as per him, Guru Nanak was born on the full moon day in Katak Month. This is the reason why Sikh celebrated the festival in themonth of October or November.
In 2017, Guru Nanak Gurpurab was celebrated on 4th November whereas, in 2018, the festival would be celebrated on 23 November. Similarly, in 2019, the date for the festival is listed as 12th November. There had been certain controversies about the birth of Guru Nanak and some highly regarded scholars believe that Guru Nanak’s birthday should be celebrated on Vaisakhi which basically lies on 14 April of every year.
Talking about the celebrations, the celebrations start with Prabhat Pheris which is basically the religious processions which are carried out early in the morning. During this processions, the Sikh’s proceed around the society or the locality while singing the hymns. It should also be noted that two days before the Guru Nanak Gurpurab, Akhand Path is organized in Gurdwara and these prayers go on for 48 hours without any break.
Another procession called Nagarkirtan is organized byGuru Nanak Gurpurab and these Nagarkirtan’s are led by Panj Pyare who are basically the five beloved ones. During these processions, there are teams of the people who play music and there are then teams of gatka who display their core swordsmanship. They display their martial arts with help of the traditional weapons used during the era of Guru Nanak. The devotees are also very particular about the cleanliness and they ensure that they themselves clean the road during the processions. They also ensure that the roads are not left untidy or dirty after the procession is over.
On the main day of Guru Nanak Gurpurab, the celebrations start with morning prayers and this is followed by Kirtans. Langar is also arranged by Sikhs and all this is done to promote service and devotion. In the evening, there are prayers again and some Sikhs also use firecrackers to celebrate the festival.